The myelin sheath helps to increase the of neural impulses. While listening to operatic solos, musicians process the lyrics and the tunes in separate brain areas. Salivation to the food in the mouth Definition C. D two egg cells by two sperm cells. Because addiction has an inherited component, it often runs in families.
D two egg cells by two sperm cells. People can simultaneously process many aspects of sensory information such as color, shape, and size. The peripheral nervous system consists of A interneurons. The biochemical code for eye color is transmitted from parents to offspring by A neurotransmitters. A corpus callosum B temporal lobes C somatosensory cortex D hippocampus 139.
D are more similar to the personalities of their caregiving adoptive parents than to the personalities of their biological parents. The results suggest that the working memory system contributes strongly to learning impairments in schizophrenia and also highlight the brain area responsible for the dysfunction, which is the prefrontal cortex. The brain and spinal cord form the A autonomic nervous system. You more readily forget facts that you once knew Definition A. . Which part of your brain is essential for receiving information that you are moving your legs? The occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of Schizophrenia or a Manic Episode. A separate form not included in this scheme, incentive salience, primarily addresses dopamine function in addiction and refers only to approach behavior as opposed to learning.
This finding is congruent with the observation that pharmacological inhibition of the infralimbic cortex attenuates depressive behaviors. Neurotransmitters are best described as A electrically charged atoms. Random sampling minimizes between a sample and a population. Because the reward pathway—and many of the genes that underlie it—functions in much the same way in mice as it does in people, mice are leading the way in identifying addiction genes. Pathological changes in brain function that result from substance abuse cause the skewed decision making common to addicts. Is based on naturalistic observation B.
This antidepressant drug functions as a n A steroid. Thus, though the altered addict brain often acts irrationally, it may be more accurate to describe those behaviors as pre-rational. B understanding what others are saying. About 85 percent of human brain weight comes from the A hippocampus. This sensitization in the brain is similar to the effect of dopamine because wanting and liking reactions occur. With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which A chemical messengers cross synaptic gaps between neurons.
Agonists are chemical molecules that increase the activity of A motor neurons. Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to A solve arithmetic problems. Pleasure or euphoria—the high from drugs—is still poorly understood, but probably involves surges of chemical signaling compounds including the body's natural opioids endorphins and other neurotransmitters in parts of the basal ganglia the reward circuit. Hypnosis can block sensory input B. C neuron extensions that send messages to other neurons. Chromosomes are contained within A brain cells. A gene fragments B somatosensory neurons C optic nerves D stem cells 182.
B enhance moral reasoning skills. C a single egg cell by two sperm cells. Ding also found that aldehyde dehydrogenases are expressed not only in the liver, where most of the alcohol we drink gets metabolized, but in some parts of the brain that, to Ding -- whose professional career has focused on the brain's dopamine-producing nerve circuitry -- looked anatomically identical to the dopamine-producing nerve cells that feed the reward circuit. Jeremy's reaction best illustrates the nature of A the pain reflex. A tendency for the brain's left and right hemispheres to serve different functions is called A hemispherectomy.
D many fraternal twins have been shown to be psychologically different from each other. The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes are called A genes. C people are the most romantically attracted to those who are the most genetically dissimilar to themselves. In the United States, excessive behavior patterns—involving smartphone use, Internet gambling, gaming, , even eating and shopping—are under study as a behavioral addiction. The Science of Addiction There are plenty of myths and misconceptions about addiction, but in reality, the processes that give rise to addictive behavior resist a simplistic explanation.
D was activated by her self-regulating autonomic nervous system. Preoccupation with details, rules, lists, order, organization, bodily functions, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost Showing perfectionism that interferes with task completion e. Triggers muscle contractions Definition D. Dendrite is to as axon is to. C was activated by the rapidly responding endorphins. Not every addict will carry the same gene, and not everyone who carries an addiction gene will exhibit the trait. The impact of a mother's healthy food consumption on the prenatal development of her offspring best illustrates A dizygotic development.
Overestimated the continuity of cognitive development B. Skinner believed that teaching machines could promote effective learning because they allow for both: A. The depolarization of an axon is most likely to occur when A positively charged sodium ions rush into the axon. The endocrine system consists of the A communication network that includes all the body's neurons. The association areas are located in the A brainstem.