If a freed man strikes the body of another freed man, he shall pay ten shekels in money. If his son is still young, and can not take possession, a third of the field and garden shall be given to his mother, and she shall bring him up. If the son be guilty of no great fault, for which he can be rightfully put out, the father shall not put him out. If he do not receive a fixed rental for his field, but lets it on half or third shares of the harvest, the grain on the field shall be divided proportionately between the tiller and the owner. Begin by reading the first and last paragraphs of the preamble with the class. Caption- Prologue Hammurabi Code Louvre Hammurabi was very concerned to do things that would bring everyone in his empire together, and make them all feel like they were part of this new project together. Now the students can begin to form their own hypotheses about the purpose of Hammurabi's Code.
If he had opened a tumor with the operating knife, and put out his eye, he shall pay half his value. Large temples were central features in every city and wealthy homes likely included their own private chapels. If anyone agree with another to tend his field, give him seed, entrust a yoke of oxen to him, and bind him to cultivate the field, if he steal the corn or plants, and take them for himself, his hands shall be hewn off. Although, the punishment is different for different classes of offenders and victims. Never the less, the code was always utilized as a reference for solution.
If a man, who had adopted a son and reared him, founded a household, and had children, wish to put this adopted son out, then this son shall not simply go his way. If a veterinary surgeon perform a serious operation on an ass or an ox, and cure it, the owner shall pay the surgeon one-sixth of a shekel as a fee. If he was a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a mina. If he sublet the man's yoke of oxen or steals the seed-corn, planting nothing in the field, he shall be convicted, and for each one hundred gan he shall pay sixty gur of corn. If a shepherd, without the permission of the owner of the field, and without the knowledge of the owner of the sheep, lets the sheep into a field to graze, then the owner of the field shall harvest his crop, and the shepherd, who had pastured his flock there without permission of the owner of the field, shall pay to the owner twenty gur of corn for every ten gan. If a merchantman run against a ferryboat, and wreck it, the master of the ship that was wrecked shall seek justice before God; the master of the merchantman, which wrecked the ferryboat, must compensate the owner for the boat and all that he ruined. If an ox is a goring ox, and it shown that he is a gorer, and he do not bind his horns, or fasten the ox up and the ox gore a free-born man and kill him, the owner shall pay one-half a mina in money.
If the gardener has not completed the planting of the field, leaving one part unused, this shall be assigned to him as his. These laws were thought to have given justice to the people of that period. An eye for an eye is a fair punishment for the committed crime. Each will report back to the class what they have inferred about their assigned aspect of Babylonian civilization during the time of Hammurabi. The hypothesis might begin with the following words: Hammurabi may have had his code written and placed near temples because … Ask students to share some of their hypotheses with the class. Literally, if one was to unlawfully blind me, then they in turn would have their eyes gouged out.
Ask students to look carefully at the stele. There are only very loose associations. If a State slave or the slave of a freed man marry the daughter of a free man, and children are born, the master of the slave shall have no right to enslave the children of the free. So, we mustn't act as if somehow Moses got these from Hammurabi or something like that, because while Hammurabi does predate Moses by centuries, the reality is that there are differences as well. The son of a paramour in the palace service, or of a prostitute, cannot be demanded back. The code also gives us a clear sense of the ways ancientBabylonians invested divine authority in their secular leaders. He may, however, assign a field, garden, or house which he has bought, and holds as property, to his wife or daughter or give it for debt.
They basically used they eye for an eye rule of thumb. If persons are stolen, then shall the community and. If anyone hire oxen, and kill them by bad treatment or blows, he shall compensate the owner, oxen for oxen. Though Hammurabi's Code is not unique, it is still the longest code yet discovered and one of the only ones known to have been inscribed on a stele. The Code's importance as a reflection ofBabylonian society is indisputable. If a man adopt a child and to his name as son, and rear him, this grown son cannot be demanded back again.
The Ancient Babylonian society abided by the Code of Hammurabi while the Ancient Romans abided by The Twelve Tables. Number one hundred and eight indicates that women could own at least some kinds of businesses in Old Babylonia. Scholars still debate how the ancient Babylonians would have interpreted and followed the code. As a result of Hammurabi's expansion of the empire, Marduk also began to be considered the chief god of the entire traditional Mesopotamian pantheon. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces. There were three classes in the Babylonian society: the patrician, who were the free men and women; the plebeians, who were the commoners; and the slaves. And that helps us a great deal.
If a man take a wife and this woman give her husband a maid-servant, and she bear him children, but this man wishes to take another wife, this shall not be permitted to him; he shall not take a second wife. If the free-born woman had no gift she shall take all that her husband and she had earned and divide it into two parts; and the master of the slave shall take one-half and she shall take the other for her children. It is a stele, made of basalt a hard black volcanic rock , standing taller than seven feet and measuring about six feet around at its base. The sons of the wife shall have no right to enslave the sons of the maid; the wife shall take her dowry from her father , and the gift that her husband gave her and deeded to her separate from dowry, or the purchase-money paid her father , and live in the home of her husband: so long as she lives she shall use it, it shall not be sold for money. If a herdsman, to whose care cattle or sheep have been entrusted, be guilty of fraud and make false returns of the natural increase, or sell them for money, then shall he be convicted and pay the owner ten times the loss. If he give a cultivated corn-field or a cultivated sesame-field, the corn or sesame in the field shall belong to the owner of the field, and he shall return the money to the merchant as rent. .
If anyone have consignment of corn or money, and he take from the granary or box without the knowledge of the owner, then shall he who took corn without the knowledge of the owner out of the granary or money out of the box be legally convicted, and repay the corn he has taken. If while in a foreign country a man buy a male or female slave belonging to another of his own country; if when he return home the owner of the male or female slave recognize it: if the male or female slave be a native of the country, he shall give them back without any money. If a man takes a woman to be his wife, but have no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him. If a man strikes a free-born woman so that she loses her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. Though slaves were under the complete domination of a master, they could own property, conduct business in their own names, and purchase their freedom. The code was written on several stone tablets so that all people could see them.
As Moses was setting up the legal system of Israel. If she is guiltless, and there is no fault on her part, but he leaves and neglects her, then no guilt attaches to this woman, she shall take her dowry and go back to her father's house. He distributed them to all the cities in his kingdom. Between a prologue and epilogue in which Hammurabi invokes the gods and discusses the greatness of his justice lies the meat of the artifact. Some historians have claimed the code paints a picture of a society even more advanced and sophisticated than the early medieval period in Europe, which began around A. If an inn-keeper furnishes sixty ka of usakani-drink to. If anyone give over a field to a gardener, for him to plant it as a garden, if he work at it, and care for it for four years, in the fifth year the owner and the gardener shall divide it, the owner taking his part in charge.