Notes of Comparing and Contrasting Athens and Sparta: By Jasper 7-3 The Greeks: Cleisthenes: Nobleman, Born in 570 B. Interaction with other Greek states Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. All male citizens over thirty were admitted. It is worth noting as you begin to study the similarities and differences between the two cultures that most of the earliest writing on the subject is by Athenians, as Athens was by far the more literate and cosmopolitan of the two societies. The people in Athens were very focused on civil matters as opposed to military matters like the Spartans.
The Dorians saw that they had a natural citadel, and took advantage of it, and dominated the lands to the south of them, the Peloponnesus. But the Assembly, Court, Council and magistrates had all legislative, judicial and executive power. Life style and values Democratic values for citizens. Women did not participate in the political life of Athens. The following sections of this Web site provide further information on these subjects. Athens viewed the courts as traditional oligarchic devices designed to oppress the poor and their system to amend this was to institute a mass jury, further enfranchising its citizenry to be active in all political life.
Athenians spent less time at military training because they had towork in their fields or trades for subsistence. Slaves had no rights, and an owner could kill a slave. The people of Athens and Sparta had different set of values and were unique in their own way. Being taken as a lover by one of the older men was commonplace and considered good for both. While Sparta kept themselves isolated from their neighbors, Athens kept themselves in contact with everyone. The life of men and women in Athens and Sparta was very different if we look at equality and women rights; the conclusion in the end will.
Athens, like Sparta, was ripe for revolt. They also had a council of five hundred. Ithad a government of direct democracy - that is the citizens met infortnightly assembly to direct the state. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece. At age 18 she would be assigned a husband and return home.
Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. Sparta was also a powerful Greek city state and one of the most feared military powers in the ancient world. Nominally he was to be the eponymos, the archon who gave his name to the year; but he was also to be granted extra dictatorial powers. This exercise encourages students to compare and contrast Athens and Sparta. Working below the ephors was the Council of Elders and an Assembly. Then use the information provided above and additional information found in this Web site and other resources to answer the following questions: Put the answers in the blanks.
Knowledge of the freedoms permitted in other lands was dangerous to the stability of this extremely regimented state, much as in the recent communist states of the eastern bloc. Spartan women were given more independence, an education and laborious physical training. Athens had a Council of 500 which had 50 members randomly selected from 10 districts who decided on laws proposed by the Assembly; it was democratic. At the end of this section are a number of. Sparta and Athens had many differences in how they ran their city states. Spartans is known for its military training while Athens lives in world of luxury.
In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. The lack of labour laws permitted the middle classes to drive down the wages of hired labourers until they became destitute, and to gradually replace them with slaves. Both men and women enjoyed different privileges in Sparta and Athens. Here they were trained and enrolled in the regular army at the age of 20. Athens used a form of limited democracy, where members of society served as leaders of the people. Democracy makes stuff that unlikely possible.
Though the accuracy of the information from primary sources may be tainted with exaggeration and bias, it is easy to deduce from primary works the treatment of slaves and the working and living condit. Indeed, it was not really a city, but rather a collection of five villages, bound together in a union. Unfortunately, the assembly was open to all citizens except women. Irrespective of their differences and similarities, Athens and Sparta represented the two superpowers of Ancient Greece. Because Spartan men were professional soldiers, all manual labor was done by a slave class, the Helots. This activity addresses the developed by the National Center for History in the Schools.
Although they were both part of Greece, they had many differences in the types of people and systems of government for each region. The teenage boys who demonstrated the most leadership potential were selected for participation in the Crypteia, which acted as a secret police force whose primary goal was to terrorize the general Helot population and murder those who were troublemakers. First the father would look at his child and if he considered it sub-standard, would order it killed. For example, these city-states had completely different views about women and their rules on female freedoms show this. It met once a month, and all laws had to be approved by it; however, they could not discuss or amend them, only accept or reject, and in fact few were added to the Constitution once it was in force. Separated by the mountainous terrain of the Balkanpeninsula, the city-states were their own autonomous countries, whoonly occasionally cooperated to fight common foes such as thePersians.
However, the Spartan government played an even more personal role in the lives of its citizens by instilling a great deal of civic pride in its military. Based upon their birth and the wealth of their parents, the length of education was from the age of 5 to 14, for the wealthier 5 - 18 and sometimes into a student's mid-twenties in an academy where they would also study philosophy, ethics, and rhetoric the skill of persuasive public speaking. Athens mostly relied on building walls around their city and on hit-and-run tactics. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Law enforcement was handled by the army and the police. Originally ruled by a king, it was like many of the other city-states surrounding it, but the power of the king receded to that of a council below him, composed of nobles, called the Areopagus. However, students should be able to analyze the advantages and disadvantages from the differing social roles.