They are considered part of the Yeuchi clan. He is considered the most important ruler of the Kushana dynasty. The Kushan dynasty had been totally assimilated in Indian culture. It resulted in the rise of new urban centres. A hoard of rare silver coins of Kujula found at Taxila Marshall, I, p. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1976.
This was the figure of the Hindu god S´iva, often accompanied by his vehicle, the bull Nandi. However, historians no longer regard this date as that of Kanishka's accession. During Kushan Dynasty four schools of art namely Sarnath, Mathura, Amaravati and Gandhara developed. Kušān-šahr represented a major world power in Central Asia and northern India. The capital of the Parthian State was located in Nisa. That the figures from Khalchayan are not only Tochari, but specifically Kushans is suggested by the strong similarity between their portraits and those on coin series bearing the legend Turanountos Hēraiou sanaβ koÞanou. They went on to occupy Kabul and Qandahar port of Afghanistan.
The coinage of Vasishka remained unrecognized for a long time, but Robert Göbl p. These cities lay to the east and south of Mathura, up to which locality Wima had already carried his victorious arm. His rule was a period of retrenchment and consolidation for the Empire. Typically a depiction of , in the case of those two coins has been represented. A bronze coin of Kanishka found in Khotan, Tarim Basin. It was founded by a nomadic tribe of Kushan Yuezhi , which managed to conquer a previously separated Khorezm.
All these sites lie along the northern and eastern sides of the Tarim basin. As late as the third century C. Interesting Kushan Dynasty Facts: 1-5 1. Also, Kanishka covened a council of Buddhist theologians to settle disputes relating to Buddhist faith and practices. Kanishka's empire was certainly vast. Thus ended a mighty empire that had bridged the East and the West for nearly three centuries.
Ultimately like most of the great empires their end came after constant fighting with the other invaders like hypthelites and other tribes. They ruthlessly wiped out other tribes for their existence. It is indeed iconographically one of the richest coinages of any historic period. The Silk Road laid through Kangju State that caused to the development of the economy. There is considerable evidence for two dialects of this type, sometimes known as Agnean and Kuchean, or more generally, for reasons which will become clear, as Tocharian A and B. He issued an extensive series of coins and inscriptions.
Vasudeva was followed by his son? However, no matter who ruled Vima Taktu is considered as the ruler of the empire during that time , the king did expand his kingdom further northwest of Indian sub-continent. At that time, due to the construction of the road from Seleucid State to Baktria an international trade and relations with various countries around the world were developing. Here the Kushans absorbed the Greek and Indian cultural influences that had developed in Bactria. The great dynasty collapsed with the invasions of Sassanids and the formation of Indo-Sassanids who were also called as Kushanshahs. Apart from these two communities, a few other tribes also, like the Malavas and the Kunindas, probably regained their importance at the expense of the Kushan empire.
The next thing to be noted about the Kushana is their religion. Several show Kanishka on the obverse and the Buddha standing on the reverse. Kanishka also had the original Gandhari vernacular, or Prakrit, Buddhist texts translated into the language of. Kanishka probably adopted Buddhist faith later in life. The capital during his period was Purusyapura where he built many Buddhist buildings. Supported Growth of Mahayana Buddhism Kanishka himself seems to have embodied the strong, yet tolerant and diverse Kushan culture.
The tolerance of the kingdom's ruler toward different cultures and religions placed allowed Kushan to benefit from the knowledge and wealth of some of the greatest civilizations of the time. The chief of Khotan, Yarkand and the Ksshgar were made to pay tribute. Once he assumed power, Kanishka instituted a system of co-rule, sharing his authority with a man named Vashishka, who was probably his son or brother. The peculiar assembly of deities by the Kushans offers a great deal of speculation. Vima Kadphises was the successor of Vima Takto. On their coins they used Greek language legends combined with Pali legends in the Kharoshthi script , until the first few years of the reign of Kanishka. Kanishka is reputed to have been an enthusiastic patron of scholarship and the arts who brought scientists and writers to his court.