A strength of Horney's theory is that it thoroughly describes how we develop various defenses to obtain reassurance against the basic anxiety. The need for affection and aggression and two of three basic neurotic trends for Honey's theory, and these behaviours are means to alleviate basic anxiety and are not a manifestation of the anatomically based Oedipus complex. I have always been highly critical of our friend Sigmund. So what is it that makes these coping strategies neurotic? Power is a defense against the real or imagined hostility of others and takes the form of the tendency to dominate others. Horney's deviation from Freudian psychology led to her resigning from her post, and she soon took up teaching in the. Men please this need only through external ways; Horney proposed that the striking accomplishments of men in work or some other field can be viewed as for their inability to give birth to children.
The statement can be either : Nurturing : Mentions Experimenter had dated her friend, and had been helpful with laundry and other chores. The neurotic need for a partner. Or a comprehensive drive toward actualizing the ideal self. Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory, Therapy, para. The need for social recognition; and limelight. His behavior is often defiant and he strives to master every situation he finds himself in.
They value power and seek prestige and admiration. Manipulative qualities aside, under Horney's assertions the expansive individual may also wish for social recognition, not necessarily in terms of limelight, but in terms of simply being known perhaps by subordinates and peers alike. The Importance of Childhood Experiences Neurotic conflict stems largely from childhood traumas, most of which are traced to lack of genuine love. Societies demand for success and achievement are nearly endless so that normal people have new, additional goals placed before them all the time Furthermore, western society tells people that they are free and can accomplish anything with hard work and effort without regard to genetics, social position, and the competitiveness of others. Horney's theory states how people react in different situations. Findings from numerous studies : Hypercompetetitive people often suffer from low self-esteem. According to Horney, it is the overuse of one or more of these interpersonal styles.
Karen Horney: a Psychoanalyst's Search for Self-understanding, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1994. Childhood experiences are the primary foundation for personality development. Believing that something is wrong with the outside world, they proclaim that they are special and therefore entitled to be treated in accordance with their idealized view of themselves. At one point in her childhood her father took her on three separate times three long sea voyages with him. This was in contrast to the opinions of her contemporaries who believed neurosis was, like more severe mental conditions, a negative malfunction of the mind in response to external stimuli, such as , or negative experiences during and. She died in 1952 at age 67. Although many of Horney theories can be applied to normal individuals, her writing are mostly concerned with the neurotic personality.
I also believe a strength is her three ways of dealing with the world I think it is very accurate because I can relate it to my personal life. What were some life experiences that helped shape Horney's theory? This essay is in part a tribute to the contribution she has made to the field of mental health and in part an effort to stimulate interest in her ideas in the social work community. Hung can be reached at thung post. The neurotic need for social recognition 7. Her theory is a good guide for action in the sense that people understand a warm and loving environment helps a child's development, but beyond that the theory doesn't give detailed courses of action.
Horney sought to debunk this view by exposing its lack of scientific evidence and set about constructing her own theory of personality that better encompassed the range of female experience. She believed that individuals in the neurotic categories of narcissism and resignation were much less susceptible to such relationships of with an arrogant-vindictive neurotic. The need for perfection; while many are driven to perfect their lives in the form of well being, the neurotic may display a fear of being slightly flawed. By 1908, Horney had transferred to the , and would transfer once more to the before graduating with an M. This experience leads many women to develop a masculinity complex, originating from feelings of inferiority, as well as frustration at the disparity between sexes. Each of these trends can apply to both normal and neurotic individuals in their attempt to solve basic conflict. By 1923, Oskar Horney's firm , and Oskar developed soon after.
This womb envy leads to men devaluing women. It is also evidence of vitality within the patient which has not yet been released for creative living. She was ultimately optimistic in her view of the nature of humanity. . Psychology Card Karen Horney Karen Horney was born September 16, 188 near Hamburg Germany. What do you think are the constant patterns that generates the insecurity? Karen had regretted letting her husband rule over his children when they were younger after studying more psychoanalytic theory.
For both, however, the center of gravity lies outside the person. She described case studies of symbiotic relationships between arrogant-vindictive and self-effacing individuals, labeling such a relationship bordering on as a morbid dependency. The need for a partner; one whom they can and who will solve all problems. Engler 125 But it is important to know the differences between our ideal and real self. These theories are a little more reasonable. Lastly, the need to restrict life practices to within narrow borders; to live as inconspicuous a life as possible.