Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. Therefore, on 10 May the sepoys broke out in open rebellion, shot their officers, released their fellow sepoys and headed towards Delhi. The regiment was disbanded and stripped of its uniforms because it was felt that it harboured ill-feelings towards its superiors, particularly after this incident. Even though the Revolt was a failure, the consequences of the Revoltwere very important in the Indian history. Their uncle, Kenneth, is 3 times as old as Lennon now. Daily Mail, 27 August 2005. The Post Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them.
The capture of Delhi by the rebels gave a serious set back to the prestige of English. The revolt finally came to an end in 1858. One such detailed enquiry was at the direction of Lord Canning. Unfortunately in India the majority of the people remained disinterested and even apathetic. The time was not appropriate for that.
This is proved by the few facts. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. As the rebels approached Arrah, all European residents took refuge at Mr. Mehta tries to assert the national character of the Mutiny. Though the revolt was started by the Indian soldiers in the service of the East India company, it soon proliferated all over the country.
And in return they began to seek all possible support from the government machinery for the cultivation of indigo in the post-1857 period. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. The revolt of 1857 was the most severe outburst of anger and discontent accumulated in the hearts of various sections of the Indian society ever since the inception of British rule in Bengal, following the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and the Battle of Buxar. Shaikh Paltu restrained Pandey from continuing his attack. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge. Nana Saheb lost his pension. Causes of War of Independence It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century.
It is abundantly clear that the Great Rebellion was not wholly a war of Indian National Independence Dr. On 25 July, mutiny erupted in the garrisons of. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. Match the following Set I a. As I read about the events of 1857, I am forced to the conclusion that the Indian national character had sunk very low. This resulted in about one-third population of Purnea district falling prey to it. Military Grievances: The extension of British dominion in India had adversely affected the service condition of the Sepoys.
He was joined by the Gwalior troops and then proceeded to take part in the battle of Kanpur. Contesting the British interpretation as that of sepoy mutiny only, the nationalist historians and in particular V. The hanging of two participants in the Indian Rebellion, Sepoys of the 31st Native Infantry. They popularized ideas of democracy, civil liberties, secularism, nationalism and trained civilians in the. The historiography of the revolt is as old as the event itself. From 1797 until the rebellion of 1857, each regular Bengal Native Infantry regiment had had 22 or 23 British officers, who held every position of authority down to the second-in-command of each company. But, soon Kanpur was recaptured by the British commander Sir Colin Campbell.
The rebels' murder of women, children and wounded British soldiers at , and the subsequent printing of the events in the British papers, left many British soldiers outraged and seeking revenge. Satara, Jeypur, Sambalpur, Bhagat, Udayapur, Jhansi and Nagpur were annexed to the British dominion by means of application of the Doctrine of lapse; Oudh was annexed under the pretext of the betterment of the people. These rifles, which fired , had a tighter fit than the earlier muskets, and used that came pre-greased. These feelings were compounded when Hindustani sepoys were assigned a very visible role as garrison troops in Punjab and awarded profit-making civil posts in Punjab. Lucknow: Begum Hazrat Mahal, Birjis Qadir, Ahmadullah Ans: C Explanation: Maulavi Ahmadullah declared the revolt as Jihad against English in Faizabad. While many zamindars and local leaders were with the government, others were sympathisers of the agitated masses and openly participated in the rebellion and became its leaders. His tactics left the British puzzled.
Yet another school of thought believes that during the revolt the people were fighting not only against the British but also against the feudal structure. The British were exploiting the Indian economy and thus leaving many people jobless, helpless and homeless. In almost all other places, the Sepoys put a large number of European to death and released the Indian Prisoners. This action was the turning point in the campaign and is known as Siege of Delhi. Capture of and his sons by at on 20 September 1857 The troops of the besieging force proceeded to loot and pillage the city.
Since the planters had ready cash, they began to pay higher rents to the zamindars. The British Government reversed this policy and confiscated thousands of such estates. Sir Colin Campbell Final recovery of Kanpur on 6th December, 1857. The leaders of the revolts like Rani Laxmi Bai, Tantia Tope were brave but lacked rich experience. Early in the morning of 27 June, the European party left their entrenchment and made their way to the river where boats provided by the Nana Sahib were waiting to take them to. Brief Narrative of the Defence of the Arrah Garrison.