Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's Disease research papers discuss the brief history of the medical disease. In particular, it is not clear whether activation of D1 receptors is important for the elicitation of dyskinesias or other motor complications occurring commonly in advanced stages of the disease in patients who are treated by levodopa. However, their function is poorly understood. The disease is the result of progressive loss of neurons in substantia nigra portion of the brain, which produces the general symptoms of tremors. Antibodies against these substances, particularly anti-synuclein antibodies, will stain all Lewy bodies in the substantia nigra and frequently additional ones in the brain stem, olfactory bulb, and in the cortex.
Retrieved from Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Inc. They further found out that its incidence varies by race and ethnicity. What treatments truly work or actually improve the way of life and what barriers are crossed to find a cure for this disease. One of the more controversial elements of this new Renaissance is stem cell research. A brief history of the disease, as well as it symptoms will be discussed. Motor symptoms collectively are known as Parkinsonism.
These include apomorphine, bromocriptine, pergolide, cabergoline, and lisuride, as well as newer agents such as rotigotine, ropinirole, and pramipexole. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118 4 , 676-686. The Ubiquity Pathway in Parkinson's disease. Words: 2215 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper : 2707824 Stem Cells ithout a doubt, one of the most controversial topics of popular discourse is stem cell research. The effect of an individualized fall prevention program on fallrisk and falls in older people: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
The subject of psychology was created when Wilhelm Wundt opened up the very first psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany. The rate of occurrence of this disorder is significantly higher among the older people aged above 60 years. If it turns out the drug has harmful side effects I would not want to have subjected my father to that negative impact. Nurses can help provide parents with knowledge to make informed decisions regarding immunizations. Treating patients who reach this stage can be done by dividing the daily dose into several smaller administrations.
It therefore means that they need to be taken care of by the general community which constitutes their families and the well-wishers. Treatment for this is highly difficult to find. Criteria for the diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration. The use of electroconvulsive therapy is reserved to patients with severe depression. A sample outline sheet is attached. End your research paper worries in less than 5 Minutes! The Kuru…… Words: 901 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper : 62497196 Mr. It also tends to reduce arm movements while walking.
Resources for People with Parkinson's. When the disease occurs, it occurs as an inherited autosomal dominant condition, and it affects all or most of the family members within the same family. There is no known cause. Originally, autologous tissue was used, but the benefits, if any, were offset by the significant complications Windner and Rechcronal, 1993. He is a retired engineer, is married, and lives with his wife in a small farming community.
One of the most common medicines is Levodopa. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. One critical question relates to the time at which levodopa therapy should be initiated. Poor balance is often true when victims move abruptly. It can only be made in the tissues. Monotherapy with selegiline or rasagiline is not efficacious in more advanced cases. Noradrenaline, an important neurotransmitter is involved in arousal and dopamine controls motor movements and cognition Webster, 2001, p.
Also check our tips on , see the lists of , and browse. However, the new developments have not solved the main problems of the causation of the disease and how the disease process can be slowed. There are no known laboratory tests like brain scan or blood test, so it is important to ensure a specialist such as a neurologist carries out the diagnosis. The slow evolution and the lack of other features e. The primary cause of this disorder is lack of a substance called dopamine which plays the role of linking substantia nigra and the corpus striatum in the brain areas Emre 150. This project proposes using the water maze test, the electric shock test, and the submerged platform test.