Borne means carried, and aloft means up. In fact, in many of the letters he sounds upbeat and hopeful about the future then again he might have wanted to protect his friends and family but not drawing attention to such worries. His father, a livery-stable keeper, died when Keats was eight; his mother died of tuberculosis six years later. Firstly, there is no flight from reality, or deviation into imagination or dream, in fact there is no narrative voice at all. In the hedges the crickets sing, the robin harmonizes in the garden, and swallows twitter overhead. They say men near death, however mad they may have been, come to their senses—I hope I shall here in this letter—there is a decent space to be very sensible in—many a good proverb has been in less—nay, I have heard of the statutes at large being changed into the Statutes at Small and printed for a watch paper. The romantic ideal was of the people in the countryside as completely unspoilt and natural.
They have fallen, he says, 'by course of Nature's law' and it would be futile and self-destructive to fight the inevitable. The autumn season is manifested everywhere in the nature. This is hinted at through daylight turning into evening 'soft dying day' , the presence of a robin, and the reference to swallows 'gathering' to migrate for warmer skies. There's a lot going on in this poem. Other poets have thought of Autumn as the season of decay. Keats has accepted autumn, and connotatively, old age as natural parts and processes them. There is no morbidity here, only a quiet acceptance that life on earth must end for each one of us.
Destroying nature would literally destroy the essence of survival, and co-existence is an important theme here. For him the poetry of the earth is never dead. As with Keats' other odes, the atmosphere of transition is quite important. Nevertheless, it seems evident that the poem has a sense of conflict and ambiguity similar to the earlier, more obviously dramatic and questioning odes. Ode to Autumn by John Keats: Summary and Analysis In this poem Keats describes the season of Autumn.
Sense of ambivalence with this beautiful yet destructive presence And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep Steady thy laden head across a brook; Or by a cyder-press, with patient look, Thou watchest the last oozings hours by hours. In the second stanza, the emphasis is on the characteristic activities of autumn, threshing, reaping, gleaning, and cider making. Most importantly, the image of Autumn winnowing and harvesting in a sequence of odes often explicitly about creativity recalls an earlier Keats poem in which the activity of harvesting is an explicit metaphor for artistic creation. The sounds of the gnats from the river sallows, the soft sound of the Autumn wind, the bleating of the lambs from the hillside, the singing of the hedge crickets, the whistling of the red-breast and the twittering of the swallows are all made during the Autumn season. As much as the poet has absorbed his senses in an essence apart from himself, making no evaluations or claims for transcendence, he has taken pains to rescue and preserve the season whole—diminishment and all.
After his mother's death, Keats's maternal grandmother appointed two London merchants, Richard Abbey and John Rowland Sandell, as guardians. Even the imagery is clear-cut, something that Keats has occasionally struggled with in previous poems. The two conspirators, the Spring and the Autumn, plan to swell the gourd and plump the hazel shells so that the shells will be ready to grow to new plants and later from them new flowers. Calling to Autumn— wild desperation? What Makes To Autumn so Beautiful? It is the fate of any creation. To ignore an action, you must explicitly return the previous state.
Abroad means in other countries. The initial state may not be undefined, but can be null. Line 25: While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day, Bar means a strip. Stubble means the short stalk after the grain or some other harvest has been cut. While nursing his brother, Keats met and fell in love with a woman named Fanny Brawne. The goddess Autumn only has a short life on the planet, and the natural creatures who abound in the third stanza all must make their preparations for the winter months. In 'To Autumn', I think Keats is trying to find a meaningful perspective for the painful consciousness that he might die young, like Tom and Chatterton.
In this approach to Nature he remains the great artist that he was. Instead, you must return the current state for any unknown actions, unless it is undefined, in which case you must return the initial state, regardless of the action type. It seems appropriate that he chose a word to do with calmness and balance when telling Reynolds that he had just written a poem about the beauty and warmth of Autumn: 'this struck me so much in my Sunday's walk that I composed upon it'. Even in the first stanza, there are hints that the loveliness of the season carries something disquieting within it: autumn is conspiring with the sun; the bees are mistaken to assume that flowers will always be around. Is oxymoron used in this expression? English Romantic poet John Keats was born on October 31, 1795, in London.
Maturing sun means that the sun is getting older. In factm the image points to a delayed execution for the flowers. The same painter also made a head of Autumn before that in 1573: Note how his chin is a pomegranate, his cheek is an apple. The word 'bless' emphasises this as it has distinct religious overtones. Gleaner is a poor villager who gathers the leftover grains in a harvested field for his survival. Most importantly, the image of Autumn winnowing and harvesting in a sequence of odes often explicitly about creativity recalls an earlier Keats poem in which the activity of havesting is an explicit metaphor for artistic creation. Autumn is called the season of mists and mellow fruitfulness because of the presence of the mist and because during this season fruits still on trees have reached extreme ripeness.
Is it joyful, as one imagines the music of spring would be? The question here is how barred clouds can bloom? A swallow is a migrating bird with a split tail, a white breast and black feathers. Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun; Sinister? And fruitfulness is being full of fruit and juice, or in more general terms, there is a lot of everything plenty. That is not to say that there is not an undercurrent of misery running through the poem — of course there is. Keats was writing The Fall of Hyperion, his second attempt at the Titan-theme, at the same time as 'To Autumn'. Shelley, who was fond of Keats, had advised him to develop a more substantial body of work before publishing it.