Each individual is encouraged to perform under a strict, autocratic leader, because their job roles have life or death consequences. This style rests on a set of assumptions Greenleaf, 1983. Traditional authority may suffer from a lack of moral regularity in the creation of legal standards. He works to help, guide, protect, and keep his followers happily working together as members of a family. Many societies have developed a system of laws and regulations and there exist many different principles of legality. Good managers even try to foster friendly relationships with and among staff, because they make the organization work better.
This arises from the ability to reward worthy behaviour. Referent Referent power comes from being trusted and respected. Statistically, there are very few situations that can actually support autocratic leadership. In fact, one can make an argument that in large groups such as the multinational corporations and government agencies authority is the most common type of influence used. Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness.
An ideal discourse situation in the grassroots must be present. They are responsible for how they exercise authority and for its consequences. They possess specialised knowledge and skills. A leadership style is a very different beast than a leadership trait. Exercising authority sometimes limits the approaches to arrive at solutions for issues and problems while leadership encourages people to look beyond the obvious and think innovatively and sometimes emerge with radical solutions. Excellent leaders seek to use the most effective type of power at the correct time. Part of living in a society means there are rules that need to be followed.
Much of my life was spent in a library with my nose in the textbook or in a state of confusion reading scholarly research journals. You must realize that your behaviors model your true intentions. When the situation changes, so does the style. This is largely respected due to the competence and legitimacy that laws and procedures bestow upon the people in the authoritative position. When a policeman tells you do to something, you usually comply, as he is in a position of authority. Situational Leadership Is there , in the 1950s, published a series of studies to determine whether leaders should be more task or relationship people oriented.
This may be done through giving bonuses, raises, a promotion, extra time off from work, etc. His attitude is that of treating the relationship between the leader and the group as that of a family with the leader as the head of the family. Line authority is the heart of the relationship between superiors and subordinates. It is very informative and nice lecture. A Situational Leader is rare, and can change the entire course of a company, through his unique leadership skill set.
Political power This power comes from the support of a group. Communicating these strengths and weaknesses to key staff members, and utilizing their skill sets to improve the model, is a function of a very results-driven leader. There are three main characteristics of expert authorities: they understand the subject matter thoroughly because they have studied it, they know how the subject actually works, and they have an intense interest in the subject. Henri Fayol emphasised the importance and necessity of providing a suitable arrangement of staff authority in organisations. Such a driver most likely assumes that the police officer behind him serves as a legitimate source of authority and has the right to pull him over.
Consider Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. Some say that statistics are a precise and logical method for stating a half truth, inaccurately. Although this may seem at odds with some of the above, it is probably the most important element to good leadership. It evinces control especially when relating to people. Some leaders are loved by their employees, while others are not highly regarded on a personal level, but remain great at moving the business in a positive direction through distinctive leadership styles. The amount of authority retained and the decisions made play a vital role in determining the leadership style.
They bring out the best in individuals and of the group collectively, while also driving a higher level of performance than usually would be achieved. It boils down to a simple rule: if you can't communicate, you cannot get results. Kurt Lewin 1939 called these styles:. What might a workplace under the direction of a leader with illegitimate authority look like? Some experts even consider narcissism to be a significant trait among people who enjoy this type of authority. Examples of traditional authority include kings, sultans, emperors, the male head of a household, and others. If she's efficient, a managerial leader will generally be on top of what's happening in the organization. Because of the traits needed to exert reverent authority, this type of authority is earned, not given, and there are few, if any, disadvantages to this.
Although he may or may not have a clear vision, and may or may not be steering the organization in the right direction, he's not concerned with whether anyone else agrees with what he's doing or not. A free rein leader completely abdicates his leadership position, to give all responsibility of most of the work entrusted to him to the group which he is supposed to lead, limiting his authority to maintain the contact of the group with persons outside the group. But some seem to confine employee involvement in these areas. Autocratic work environment does normally have little or no flexibility. Charisma does not mean sheer behavioral change. Just the fact that the players know that the referees have this capability makes them respectful of their authority both before and during the game.
Legitimate Power Legitimate Power is in all organizations Zappos Holacracy non-withstanding and maybe even then. Elements of transformational leadership The transformational leader conceives of leadership as helping people to create a common vision and then to pursue that vision until it's realized. Examples- Elected Governments, Police, Courts, etc. In this kind of leadership, guidelines, procedures and policies are all natural additions of an autocratic leader. Understanding the raw functions of a business and being able to see the strengths and weaknesses in the business model itself can create a strong leader.