There can be two types of polarization i. There are five categories of individuals in this category namely: harmonizer, gatekeeper, consensus tester, encourager, and compromiser. Extroverts are active and tend to get involved in many activities. Normally, small groups are more effective in comparison to large organization to complete group task. Rohit is the initiator, as he proposes the idea of the project, Raj collects all the information and resources required for the project and becomes the informer, Sid is the clarifier as he interprets the data and saves refined information, and Rahul is the summarizer as he concludes the result of the project that is what do we achieve by the end of our project.
Limitations of Informal Groups: The limitations are as follows: 1. Diverse opinions be welcome and conflicts be taken up positively. In terms of size, teams may be institutional comprising of hundreds of members and operational a small, cooperative group, in regular contact and contributes responsibly to achieve task at hand. They have their own unwritten rules and a code of conduct which every member accepts implicitly. The goals, leadership pattern, norms and values of such formal work groups are set on the basis of needs or organization. The inhibitor works when employees feel that their individual creativity and brilliance are being sacrificed at the altar of conformity. Power might be aimed to protect themselves from unreasonable demands.
They are formed and developed without any performances. Sometimes the members of formal groups and informal groups are same. Some of them may be satisfied by group achievement where as some of others may not. Group structure Role of group member is a set of activities expected to perform in groups in order to attain group goals. Role conflicts arise when there is ambiguity confusion about delegation and no specific job descriptions between the sent role and the received role which leads to frustration and dissatisfaction, ultimately leading to turnover; inconsistency between the perceived role and role behaviour conflict between work roles and family roles ; and conflicting demands from different sources while performing the task.
They adopt antagonistic attitude towards management only when highly specific goals are sought by group members acting together. For the permanent and formal work group, it is the last stage of the group formulation. Organizational performance As, mentioned earlier, there can be different types of groups. Relationship-oriented roles apply to how members interact with one another. They also should have all of the necessary skills collectively. An employee may be member of many groups within and outside the organization.
There may be written rules like for attendance or just known expectations like for punctuality. Group member resources Abilities and personality characteristics of members of the group largely affect to the behavior and performance of group. Group Processes Synergy — a term used in Biology, is an action of two or more substances that result in an effect that is different from the individual summation of these substances. · Can the work be done better using more than 1 person? There can be following process of decision making: Also read: i. Groups are often more flexible and can quickly assemble, achieve goals, and disband or move on to another set of objectives. Social exchange theory offers an alternative explanation for group development. A member is considered to be expressing creative individualism if they only accept the pivotal norms but not the peripheral.
Membership can sometimes raise feelings of self-esteem like being accepted into a highly valued group. These experts studied and attempted to quantify research done about the actions and reactions of employees, with regard to their work environments. The groups that are formed by the employees themselves as per their likes and prejudices is known as Informal Groups. But the fact is that the diversity in my career has strengthened me as a person and definitely enhanced my skills. Informal groups though they are not formed with organizational purpose and have no fixed structure with roles, responsibilities and authority, are more important for organizational performance.
Group members are more likely to participate in decision-making and problem-solving activities leading to empowerment and increased productivity. There are many reasons we. For example, if the group that's comprised of all of your employees follows all of your rules and meets all of your performance standards, then your success is virtually assured. The motivating aspect happens when because of group think; employees feel bonding with their peers and colleagues and hence ensure that they give their best to the job. There is lack of consistency in their behaviour. These are the relationship-oriented roles of each member. It possesses a systematic structure, in hierarchical form.
Forming: This is the first stage. In such a group, any active member could assume the reins of the group and become the leader. In group, it is important to understand the group processes for the following reasons: Also read: i. The main objectives of reference groups are to seek social validation and social comparison. Norms can change as the group evolves. For example, the committee to reelect the President is temporary in nature and is disbanded after the election. A friendship group includes close friends or relations.
Factors Affecting Group Behaviour: The success or failure of a group depends upon so many factors. The readers must note that the four stages of group development mentioned above for permanent groups are merely suggestive. Members of interest groups may not be part of the same organizational department but they are bound together by some other common interest. Friendship group: The interest group involves people who come together to accomplish a particular goal with which they are concerned. Mixed or Multiple functions:The formal as well as informal both kinds of roles are taken up by the members of the group.
Often the agreeable personality feels the need to help other people, and can derive fulfillment by offering support. Formal Group: The two are different in very many ways. Group members interact with one another and are interdependent. Organizational Behavior researchers study the behavior of individuals primarily in their organizational roles. Decision making Effective decisions can be made with group of people.