That is, no information is given about the process before the interruption. Another use of past perfect tense includes reported speech. In retrospect, it was probably rude that I ate 7 pancakes before my friends arrived at the restaurant to meet me. Form Affirmative Interrogative Negative I was reading. We had been buying We hadn't been buying Had we been buying? He had been working at the dock all afternoon. What Is the Past Perfect Progressive Tense? It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. The past perfect progressive tense is mostly used to express actions that started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
You have not been attending your lectures since 13th June. Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane. He continued to sit for a while when his friends went to cinema. Difference between past perfect continuous and past continuous tenses Both past continuous and past perfect continuous tenses can be used to talk about actions or situations that were in progress at a certain point of time in the past. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for cannot be used in continuous tenses. These sentences can also be expressed as questions or interrogatives.
Negatives are made with not. We also sometimes do this in informal writing. In this example, Event A started first and continued until Event B occurred. What is the Past Perfect Progressive? This sentence emphasizes that he was tired because he had been exercising over a period of time. The past perfect continuous tense is used when talking about longer actions or situations which had continued up to a past moment that you are thinking about. Which of the following uses the past perfect continuous tense to form a conditional sentence? The past perfect tense describes something that happened in the past before another action, or before a specific point in time.
A: How long had you been studying Turkish before you moved to Ankara? Were you studying when she called? They think I'm one of them. It is mainly used to indicate how long a past activity or state had been in progress. It means that the person had started waiting and he was still waiting for last three hours in the past. While we were having the picnic, it started to rain. The order of events does not matter since the tense makes it clear which event happened first. Which of the following is grammatically correct? Forming the past perfect The Past Perfect tense in English is composed of two parts: the past tense of the verb to have had + the past participle of the main verb.
Past continuous emphasizes interrupted actions, whereas past perfect continuous emphasizes a duration of time before something in the past. Interrogative Negative Hadn't you finished? Present Perfect Progressive Learn the difference between the Tense in English. He had not been working at the dock at all that afternoon. In these examples, Event A is the event that happened first and Event B is the second or more recent event: Event A Event B John had gone out when I arrived in the office. The Past Perfect Tense refers to something that occurred in the past, before another action in the past. B: Yes, I had been to the U. They have been waiting for me for 5 hours.
Above is suppose to be the wrong answer… This is suppose to be the right answer: I tried to convince my family and colleagues to do the same, but after a month, some of my colleagues went back to consuming the same amount of electricity as they had been using before. The word order and structure are slightly different. This action then stopped at some point before the police arrived. Forming the Past Perfect Progressive The past perfect progressive verb tense is relatively easy to form because its components remain fairly consistent. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly.
Contraction with Past Perfect Continuous When we use the Past Perfect Continuous in speaking, we often contract the subject and the first auxiliary verb. For this reason, both sentences below are correct. As you can see, an event or action begins in the past and continues up to another event in the past. While the past continuous merely shows continuity, the past perfect continuous tense also puts an emphasis on the idea of duration. Past Continuous and then Past Simple We use Past Continuous: 1. We had not been working. What had the men been doing when the policemen arrived? For question sentences, we exchange the subject and the first auxiliary verb.
We use it to express something that started in the past and continued until another event happened in the past. I have read several explanations but none of them seem quite satisfactory. When the policemen arrived what had they been doing? While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time. Had he been working at the dock all afternoon? It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past. It had not been raining.
For this reason, simple past cannot be used. Present Perfect Continuous Tense Picture Past Simple Learn useful grammar rules to use the Tense in English. Past Perfect Forms The past perfect is formed using had + past participle. She had been buying She hadn't been buying Had she been buying? To play, past continuous Affirmative Negative Interrogative I was playing I was not playing Was I playing? When one action in progress in the past was interrupted by another action. What is Past Perfect Continuous Tense, rules and Examples: Past perfect continuous tense is used to express an action that started in the past and till continued in the past. Past perfect + just 'Just' is used with the past perfect to refer to an event that was only a short time earlier than before now, e.
The past perfect tense is used to show that something happened before another action in the past. She had not been playing. Interrogative negative Hadn't they been living? While the Past Perfect Tense refers to something that happened in the past before another past event, the Present Perfect Tense refers to something that started in the past and continues into the present. It had been raining when I left the house. It can also be used to show that something happened before a specific time in the past. Past Perfect Continuous The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is very similar to the Past Perfect Tense. Perfect tense verbs show completed or perfected action.