This was done to prevent the French and Russians from co-ordinating their response. However the suggestion that Germany wanted to create a European empire in 1914 is not supported by the pre-war rhetoric and strategy. It was tied to militarism, and clashed with the interests of the imperial powers in Europe. In turn, these public clashes can be traced to changes in the balance of power in Europe since 1867. It is a mental disorder caused by the stress of active warfare and death all around the soldiers. The French and the Russians agreed their alliance extended to supporting Serbia against Austria, confirming the already established policy behind the Balkan inception scenario. However we should also keep in mind that it wasn't just one factor that led to war, there were a lot of them, most of them divide in two groups, long-term causes and short-term causes.
When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia. The British sent an ultimatum to the Germans calling for the evacuation of Belgium. Although alliances provided protection, the system also created certian dangers. France tried to force Germany to repay 200 billion dollars and wanted Germany weak. This situation led to the break out of the first Balkan war which saw Serbia then part of the Balkan League annex Albania.
In fact, between 1870 and 1914, all of the major powers, besides the United States and Great Britain, more than doubled their army's sizes. They, therefore, mobilised along both the Russian border with Austria-Hungary and the border with Germany. British documents on the origins of the war, 1898-1914 11 vol. They were initally very successful forcing the Allies back to the River Maas. However, there were limits placed on the alliance so that it was essentially defensive in character. The secrecy also increased the chances that a county might guess wrong about the consequeneces of its actions. Austria-Hungary breaks diplomatic relations with Serbia.
Although Russia enjoyed a booming economy, growing population and large armed forces, its strategic position was threatened by an expanding Ottoman military trained by German experts using the latest technology. The hope was to knock the French out of the war before the Russians could effectively mobilize. He tries to secure Britain's neutrality in such an action. The Serb government found it impossible to put and end to the machinations of the Black Hand for fear it would itself be overthrown. Due to a lack of prewar planning for the partial mobilisation, the Russians realised by 29 July that it was impossible and would interfere with a general mobilisation. The Russians ordered a partial mobilisation of their troops against Austria in defence of Serbia. A quick war against Serbia would not only eliminate her but also probably lead to further diplomatic gains in Bulgaria and Romania.
More Declarations of War Austria-Hungary had hoped they could quickly take over Serbia and that Serbia's ally, Russia, would not risk a major war in order to help Serbia. Bismarck also brought Austria and Germany into alliance with Russia. Petersburg for a long-scheduled state visit on 20 July and departed on 23 July. The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. However, the Triple Entente did not in fact force Britain to mobilise because it was not a military treaty. The cabinet was not informed of this agreement until August 1914. But this only made the Germany become more wary of a possible conspiracy to encircle it in Europe.
So when Germany had captured Alsace-Lorraine in 1871, it did not go very well with the French. By 1914, Britain already had 29 of dreadnaught battleships and even though Germany lagged behind with 19 dreadnaughts, the pace at which it was building new ones showed all indications of overshadowing the British by 1920. Nevertheless, having decided upon war with German support, Austria was slow to act publicly, and did not deliver the ultimatum until July 23, some three weeks after the assassinations on 28 June. Russia initially agreed to avoid territorial changes, but later in 1912 supported Serbia's demand for an Albanian port. Britain then declared war on Germany and World War I had begun. Crises came and went without appearing to threaten the existence of the system as such.
France eventually recovered from its defeat, paid its war indemnity, and rebuilt its military strength again. Russia, who was like Serbia's big brother, got upset and mobilized their troops on their border, waiting to come to Serbia's aide. They also brought nations who would otherwise not interact into conflict and agreement. In 1914, Germany adopted a policy of building submarines instead of new dreadnoughts and destroyers, effectively abandoning the race, but kept the new policy secret to delay other powers following suit. In response, Russia secured in the same year the , a strong military relationship that was to last until 1917.
Italy captured the Ottoman province , of which the most notable sub-provinces sanjaks were , , and itself. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was the proximate trigger of the war. Many ministers in Austria, especially Berchtold, argue this act must be avenged. Machine guns and other new weapons fired more accurately and more rapidly that earlier weapons. Each country devised a mobilisation system whereby the reserves could be called up quickly and sent to key points by rail.