Antonio, who until now has avoided borrowing or lending where interest is involved, justifies his change of heart by stating he'll do anything to help Bassanio—even join the interest game he's so often scorned. But it's not my task to change anyone's mind. During Shakespeare's time, Christians were barred from charging interest on loans, and Jews were barred from … owning land, so Christian merchants often relied on Jews for a ready supply of cash for borrowing. Here, Shylock seems almost paranoid and vengeful, but on the other hand, Antonio seems ignorantly over-confident — rather stupid because he is so lacking in common sense. During this period of time, Jewish people were very limited in the jobs they could obtain; they were looked down upon by, and on the fringe of, society. It's rather like having a business competitor move in and start giving away the goods you are trying to sell.
The Christians believe that usury is immoral because it is unnatural to breed money from money. He was sentenced to convert to Christianity by force and was also forced to promise his wealth to his daughter Jessica who ran away with a lot of his expensive jewels after his death. Where do your sympathies lie? The Church believed that interest should never be charged when one Christian loaned money to another Christian. Why does Shylock hate Antonio and Christians in general? Shylock did not break the law. The Jews' position was not unlike the Pariahs in India who were only allowed to deal with dead bodies a necessary task but were considered untouchable because of it Shylock was a villain because his revenge on Antonio was out of proportion to the injuries Antonio had inflicted on him.
Jacob was caretaker of his uncle's sheep, and when it came time for mating season, Laban agreed that all the baby lambs with spots would belong to Jacob. Notably, both groups' ideas of the other revolve around ideas of commerce: the Christians believe it is wrong to practice usury lending money for interest , whereas the Jews—who were forbidden by law from engaging in most other professions—often resorted to usury as a way to make a living. If Shylock were humble with the co … urt he would also have to pay a fine but be able to keep most of the rest of his money, otherwise the court would take all of the rest of his money. . So the play may simply be a product of its time, which means a certain amount of anti-Semitic sentiment is to be expected. Second, Shylock hates Antonio because he lends money without charging interest.
He uses any opportunity to show his scorn and publicly humiliate Shylock. The contract Shylock proposes is hard for the Christians, and a modern audience or reader, to understand. In fact, Shylock specifically states that he hates Antonio, because Antonio is a Christian man. This is not Shylock's job by choice--there were a limited number of jobs which Jews were allowed to do, and this was one of them. While Bassanio and Antonio are waiting to learn the rate of interest which Shylock will charge for the loan, Shylock digresses.
The Michael Radford movie of The Merchant of Venice starring Robert d … eNiro depicts these restrictions very well. Shakespeare gives us unmistakably human moments, but he often steers us against Shylock as well, painting him as a miserly, cruel, and prosaic figure. There is no need to pretend to be friends, he says: lend money to him as to an enemy. Throughout the play, revenge is deemed un-Christian and entirely selfish. Solanio is saying what he heard shylock say in the streets: My daughter! But Shylock is not so simple a character. They seek a loan from Shylock, a Jewish moneylender in Antonio's name.
Some Jews in Europe proved successful in business and trade, and were considered to have some usefulness. Shylock will hand over the money. She hath the stones upon her, and the ducats! Throughout the play, Shylock is portrayed as the antagonist, a miserable, cruel and prosaic figure menacing enough to endanger the happiness of Venetian citizens. Antonio was not sorry -he said he would … gladly do it again. That's possible, but the text shows specifically that Shylock really does not like Antonio. He has obviously either misunderstood the play or more probably never read it. Shylock insists, at this point, that the penalty is merely a jest.
On the contrary; this is not to be regarded as a loan between friends, Antonio asserts. Then, surprisingly, Shylock says that he wants Antonio's friendship, and to prove it, he will advance the loan without charging a penny of interest. In The merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare, shylock, the money lending Jew, is seen more like a villain then a victim. One of the many occasions we see this poor treatment is when Shylock reminds Antonio of his previous actions. Is this why Shylock says he hates Antonio for being a Christian? The trial in the court of the Duke of Venice contains the great climax of the play. Antonio persuades the Duke to substitute the following: Antonio still gets half the money but he will hold it in trust for the exclusive benefit of Lorenzo who has married Jessica.
Antonio has other resources which enable him to lend money gratis, Shylock has not. Enraged, Antonio begins to insult Shylock again. Throughout the play Shylock is the subject of much torment and abuse at the hands of the Christians. The State prefers murders to lawsuits. We won't be needing your services after all. Contributions are tax deductible to the full extent allowed by law. Yet they pride themselves that Antonio is a virtuous man because he lends money to friends, with no interest involved.
By noting that Antonio is not his friend, he shows that this abuse has made it clear to him that he is an outsider to the polite society of Venetian friends on display in 1. There is a trial on the bond, and when it seems sure that Antonio will die, Portia, disguised as a doctor of laws legally gets Antonio out of the situation and Shylock receives harsh penalties. Without it, other incentives had to be found. Why does Shylock hate Antonio and Christians in general? I'll even play a fun game with you, where we both go to the notary right now and sign a document saying that if you don't pay me what you owe on such and such a date, in such and such a place, then I can have a pound of flesh off your body from wherever I choose. Antonio then says that he — as a rule — never lends nor borrows money by taking or giving interest. Their discussion pointed out that the only time Jesus was ever angry was at the moneylenders.